1)A species of seaweed and coral are in competition for sunlight and space. Which of the following best describes this relationship?
Harmful, because the coral will eat the seaweed
Harmful, because there will not be enough sunlight and space for both of them
Helpful, because they will share the space and both benefit from the interaction
Helpful, because the coral will benefit and the seaweed will not be affected
2.)Both cod and haddock are important commercial fish species. Why would it be important for scientists to know more about how these species interact and what they eat?
Because no other species interact with them
Because ecological forecasts only work for predators
Because species in an ecosystem are interdependent
Because they both prey only on herring
3.)Which of the following best describes the term parasitism?
One species uses another species as a food source, typically killing it.
One species uses another species as food or shelter causing harm.
One species takes food or resources away from another species.
One species can photosynthesize or otherwise create its own food.
4. )The imperial shrimp, Periclimenes imperator, is sometimes seen riding on the back of large sea cucumbers. The shrimp gets to move around to areas with food and expend very little energy, while the sea cucumber is unaffected. What type of relationship is this, and why?
Commensalism, because one species benefits
Mutualism, because both species benefit
Parasitism, because one species is harmed
Predation, because one species dies
5)A type of algae called zooxanthellae lives inside a coral polyp. It photosynthesizes and makes food. The algae has a safe place to live, and the coral benefits from the extra food. What type of relationship is this?
Answers as per the questions please. 1. Helpful, because they will share the space and both benefit from the interaction2. Because species in an ecosystem are interdependent3. One species uses…