chpater 9 1 with which of the following statements would linguist noam chomsky would agree multiple choice humans speak because they want to convey an idea or a feeling and not because they have been reinforced to do so there is essentially a si

chpater 9

1.With which of the following statements would linguist Noam Chomsky would agree?

Multiple Choice

  • Humans speak because they want to convey an idea or a feeling and not because they have been reinforced to do so.

  • There is essentially a single universal grammar underlying all human languages.

  • There are many learning processes involved in the actual process of language learning.

  • All human beings learn languages through the process of reinforcement and shaping.

2.

Earlier species of humans, such as Homo erectus and Homo neanderthalensis, had, at most, very rudimentary language, called ________.

Multiple Choice

  • protolanguage

  • native language

  • grammatical language

  • inductive language

3.

(17)Chao, a sales executive in Shanghai, works for Vitte Glass House, which is headquartered at California. Richard, the global head for sales and marketing from California, visits Shanghai to discuss future sales plans. During the presentation, Richard uses ideas that are difficult to directly communicate in Chinese. Chao has certain queries but cannot put them into words because he is unable to translate them into English. This dilemma is best explained by the:

Multiple Choice

  • representativeness heuristic.

  • linguistic determinism hypothesis.

  • conjunction fallacy.

  • availability heuristic.

4.

Identify an accurate statement about the babbling stage of language development in humans.

Multiple Choice

  • It overlaps with cooing.

  • It includes two-word utterances.

  • It is the last stage of language development.

  • It is involves speaking in fully grammatical sentences.

5.

In the context of learning second-language acquisition, which of the following statements is true of bilingual speakers?

Multiple Choice

  • Bilingual speakers have brain regions that are less plastic and less connected than single-language speakers.

  • Bilingual speakers exhibit differences in brain activation depending on when they learned their second language.

  • Bilingual 6- to 9-month-old infants discriminate similar sounds, while single-language infants of the same age do not.

  • Bilingual speakers have a low density of neurons in the language centers of the brain when compared to single-language speakers.

chapter 11

In humans, lesions in the back portion of the ________ lead to a decrease in sexual behavior, whereas electrical stimulation of the same region leads to an increase in sexual behavior, especially in males.

Multiple Choice

  • medulla oblongata

  • hypothalamus

  • hippocampus

  • frontal lobe

2.

is a physiological condition that is generally associated with the emotion of fear.

Multiple Choice

  • Experiencing breathing changes

  • Feeling a lump in the throat

  • Experiencing goose flesh

  • Feeling cold

3.

Which of the following is true of glucose?

Multiple Choice

  • It is a simple sugar that provides energy for cells throughout the body.

  • If its levels rise, it curbs insulin production

  • It is a secondary source of energy for the body after fat.

  • It can be used by the brain only in combination with fat and protein.

chapter 10

1.Who among the following have a greater risk of having a baby with Down syndrome?

Multiple Choice

  • Mothers with a history of familial-cultural retardation

  • Mothers who opt to have a child later in life

  • Mothers of low socioeconomic status

  • Mothers who suffer from hypertension during pregnancy

2.

A test is said to have predictive validity when:

Multiple Choice

  • the construct is clear and concise.

  • the test yields the same results when taken at two different time periods.

  • the test yields the same results when taken by two different people.

  • the construct is related positively to real-world consequences.

3.Identify an accurate statement about the Kaufman-Assessment Battery for Children or K-ABC.

Multiple Choice

  • It excluded Jean Piaget’s work on cognitive development.

  • It measured specifically the interpersonal skill of children.

  • It included different kinds of problems for children of different ages.
  • It did not measure the different types of learning styles of children.

4.

How does human intelligence change across the lifespan?

Multiple Choice

  • Vocabulary increases rapidly after the age of 75.

  • Crystallized intelligences declines after the age of 10.

  • Fluid intelligence peaks at the age of four.

  • Short-term working memory dips after the age of 65.

5.

According to Howard Gardner’s theory of multiple intelligences, which of the following refers to naturalistic intelligence?

Multiple Choice

  • The ability to perceive and understand other people’s emotions, motives, and behavior

  • The ability to employ one’s natural, innate intelligence in problem-solving

  • The ability to utilize intelligence that controls our natural reflexes

  • The ability to recognize and classify the living organisms in one’s environment

6.

According to the Howard Gardner’s theory of multiple intelligences, an individual who has high bodily-kinesthetic intelligence is most likely to be a good ________.

Multiple Choice

  • botanist

  • psychologist

  • lawyer

  • athlete

7.

What did Richard Herrnstein and Charles Murray conclude in their book ‘The Bell Curve’?

Multiple Choice

  • Differences in IQ scores based on race-ethnicity are meaningless because race is mostly a social construct with little scientific support or biological foundation.

  • Heritability findings apply only within the group of people studied, not between groups.

  • Racial-ethnic differences in IQ result from biases in IQ tests that favor people from certain cultural backgrounds over others.

  • Differences in IQ contribute to a large extent to differences in education and income.

8.

John is 15 years old. Based on his parents’ intelligence quotients (IQs), John’s reaction range for IQ is from 60 to 80. John took an IQ test last week and his IQ score was 65. Which of the following statements is true about the scenario?

Multiple Choice

  • John has savant syndrome.

  • John’s brain does not have the corpus callosum part.

  • John is likely to have been raised in an impoverished environment.

  • John’s IQ is directly determined by his genes.

9.Which of the following best describes an insight?

Multiple Choice

  • Confirming the fundamental assumptions of the problem

  • Reaching a solution that comes to mind spontaneously

  • Perceiving things through one’s senses

  • Putting a problem aside for a while before resuming it

chapter 12

1.The term ________ is defined as a group of factors related to body composition, weight, and diet that increase the risk of stroke, diabetes, and heart disease.

Multiple Choice

  • “general adaptation syndrome”

  • “Munchausen syndrome”

  • “Klinefelter’s syndrome”

  • “metabolic syndrome”

2.

Tina, who has recently lost her mother to cancer, has been crying for days and is in a disturbed state of mind. She has refused to eat, and it is taking a toll on her health. Tina’s state of mind indicates that she is most likely to be ________.

Multiple Choice

  • psychotic

  • obsessed

  • stressed

  • egotistic

3.

In the context of emotion-focused coping, reappraisal refers to ________.

Multiple Choice

  • wishful thinking or doing something to get one’s mind off a situation

  • the attempt to separate oneself from an emotional experience

  • the reevaluation of a situation in light of new information or additional thought

  • acknowledging one’s role in a stress-eliciting situation

4.

Which of the following is true of foods that are high in fiber and low in fat?

Multiple Choice

  • They can help prevent cancer of the blood.

  • They can help prevent cancer of the lungs.

  • They can help prevent cancer of the mouth.

  • They can help protect against cancer of the colon.

5.

In the context of emotion-focused coping, distancing refers to ________.

Multiple Choice

  • the attempt to regulate one’s feelings or actions regarding a problem

  • acknowledging one’s role in a stress-eliciting situation

  • wishful thinking or doing something to get one’s mind off a situation

  • the attempt to separate oneself from an emotional experience

6.

Sustained activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis leads to sustained release of ________, which inhibits the production of certain immune cells.

Multiple Choice

  • cortisol

  • testosterone

  • estriol

  • estrone

7.

Which of the following statements is true about cortisol?

Multiple Choice

  • It maintains the activation of physiological systems during emergencies.

  • It regulates the immune system by reducing the number of immune cells in the bloodstream.

  • It activates the sympathetic response, increasing heart rate, rate of respiration, and blood pressure to make the body ready for action.

  • It is responsible for the release of digestive enzymes from the pancreas into the bloodstream.

 
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