Attorney Edward M. Cooperman was retained to represent a client in a criminal matter. The client signed Coopermanâ€™s fee agreement: â€œMy minimum fee for appearing for you in this matter is fifteen thousand dollars ($15,000). This fee is not refundable for any reason whatsoever once I file a notice of appearance on your behalf.â€ One month later, the client discharged Cooperman, but Cooperman refused to refund any portion of the fee. In the past, Cooperman had been told by the local bar association grievance committee to stop using nonrefundable fee agreements. The attorneysâ€™ Code of Professional Conduct and Responsibility provides that an attorney â€œshall not enter into an agreement for, charge or collect an illegal or excessive feeâ€ and upon withdrawal from employment â€œshall refund promptly any part of a fee paid in advance that has not been earned.â€ Did Coopermanâ€™s fee arrangement violate the code?