Case Study: Surrogate Requesting Withdrawal of LST
George Patterson, a sixty-seven-year-old man, suffered cardiac arrest while dining at a local restaurant. He was resuscitated in the filed and brought to the emergency department, where he was stabilized, regained consciousness, and was being monitored in the coronary care unit (CC(). But during the night his heart stopped again. He required multiple resuscitation attempts, which resulted in severeal fractured ribs, and he was placed on a ventilator. On admission, his wife, Dolores Patterson, had told the medical team that her husband did not have an advance directive and had never signed any other document that identified her as a healthcare proxy. But when she visited her husband the morning after the second cardiac arrest, she became agitated and expressed great distress. She told the CCU staff that her husband would not want to live this way. She declared they had no right to keep him alive and demanded that the ventilator be removed. CCU staff informed her that her husband was stable and doing well and that he might “wake up” in a day or two. However, these reassurances had no effect and Mrs. Patterson began to raise her voice, warning nearby staff members that she would ”see all of you in court’. CCU staff immediately contacted hospital ethicist, who convened a meeting of the hospital biomedical ethics committee later this afternoon.
From the perspective of biomedical ethical principles of beneficience and nonmaleficience, discuss whether Dolores Patterson, even if she had previously been designated as her husband’s surrogate decision maker, would be justified in requesting discontinuation of his life-sustaining treatment. Describe additional contextual features ( e.g. family harmony, financial circumstances) that might assist in the analysis of this case.
From the perspective of the biomedical ethical principle of autoniomy, discuss the hospital’s responsibilities to George Patterson. As he currently does not have capacity to make his own medical decisions, consider who will speak on his behalf and how his best interest will be upheld.
Describe processes by which Dolores Patterson’s concerns may be addressed and respect for her husband’s dignity as a human being may be sustained.
Discuss the overall application of biomedical ethical principles in the analysis and resolution of conflicts between patient/ family desires and preferences and recommendations of the medical team.